The European Union adopted eight principles of Integrated coastal zone management in 2002. These principles stipulate that integrated coastal zone management should accommodate natural systems as well as human activities, take into account the interests of present and future generations and are adaptable to new insights and developments. It should also reflect local specificity, respect the carrying capacity of natural eco-systems, involve all stakeholders and enlist support from all the relevant authorities on a local, regional and national level. Last but not least, integrated coastal zone management should apply a combination of instruments which facilitates, on the one hand, the mutual coherence between the various sectoral policy targets and, on the other hand, the coherence between spatial planning and spatial management.

The eight EC-principles of Integrated Coastal Zone Management:
  • A broad ‘holistic’ perspective (thematic and geographic)
  • A long term perspective (ensure that decisions taken today do not foreclose options for the future)
  • Adaptive management during a gradual process (integrated planning and management is a process that develops and evolves – good information provision is basis)
  • Reflect local specificity
  • Work with natural processes
  • Participatory planning
  • Support & involvement of all relevant administrative bodies
  • Use of a combination of instruments





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EuropeanUnion The Interreg IVB